Empowered Municipality

Pennsylvania's Prevailing Wage Law

Bookmark and Share

Pennsylvania's Prevailing Wage Law was enacted in 1961 to protect construction workers from out-of-state competition, mandating that contractors pay the wages that "prevail" in each region on all government construction projects

Comments   [Add Comment]

more than $25,000. This limits the number of construction jobs in the state and forces state and local governments to unnecessarily spend more taxpayer money.

Inflated Prevailing Wage

·         Despite what its name suggests, the "prevailing wage" is higher than the average local market wage for occupations such as carpenter or plumber on a government construction project. It is usually set at the union-inflated wage (determined by collective bargaining agreements) and is higher than the rate for identical work on private projects.

·         The Pennsylvania Association of Boroughs compared prevailing wage rates across the commonwealth's 67 counties and found they exceed market wages between 30% and 75%.

·         According to U.S. Census data, Pennsylvania state and local governments spend more than $10 billion on construction.

o    Based on wage data, prevailing wage raises the total cost of construction projects by 20% on average. This represents upwards of $2 billion in extra costs for Pennsylvania taxpayers each year.

o    School districts alone spent more than $2 billion on construction in 2008-09. Allowing schools to opt out of the state mandate could save $400 million per year in property taxes.

How Low is $25,000? The Effects of Prevailing Wage

·         The prevailing wage applies to any project of more than $25,000. When the law was enacted in 1961, this represented twice the value of an average home. If the prevailing wage threshold had been adjusted for inflation, it would have increased to $185,000 today.

·         Hit with shrinking funds because of the recession, townships, counties, boroughs, cities and school districts are desperately looking for ways to use taxpayer money more efficiently.

·         Local governments frequently defer routine repair and construction projects because they exceed the $25,000 prevailing wage threshold, making them too expensive. The County Commissioners Association of Pennsylvania compiled examples of small, routine projects that are subject to prevailing wage requirements:

o    A $42,000 bridge repair project in Carbon County

o    A $46,500 roof replacement in Adams County

o    A $134,000 traffic light upgrade in Lebanon County

o    Spending $44,000 to replace exterior lights and posts at the Westmoreland County Courthouse

·         Cumberland County's director of facilities estimated that 90% of the county's contracts would fall under the threshold if it were raised to $185,000.

Other States' Experience

·         Eighteen states have no prevailing wage laws, and 10 have repealed their mandates in the last 30 years. In terms of taxpayer savings and construction quality, Ohio provides an instructive example:

o    In 1997, Ohio allowed its school districts to opt out of the state's prevailing wage mandate.

o    The state's Legislative Service Commission found schools saved almost $500 million as a result, for an overall savings in construction of 10.7%.

o    196 school districts responded to a survey about construction quality without prevailing wage. The vast majority, 91%, said construction was of the same quality, 6% reported higher quality, and only 3% reported lower quality.

·         Contrary to unions' claims, construction quality does not suffer if workers are paid the market wage instead of prevailing wage. Homes, hospitals, and office buildings are built to high standards at market wages. Market forces weed out shoddy builders, and builders must also adhere to existing building codes.

·         According to Michigan's Mackinac Center, when measuring the value added for each construction dollar, construction workers in market wage states are 6.3% more productive than workers in prevailing wage states. Being paid a government-mandated wage does not guarantee top-notch construction work.

Proposed Reforms

The Pennsylvania Legislature is considering bills that are important first steps in reforming the 51-year-old prevailing wage law. These reforms include:

·         Raising the minimum amount to which the Prevailing Wage Act applies to $185,000 (from $25,000) and adjusting for inflation in future years.

·         Requiring the use of federal occupational classifications to clarify the application of the law to jobs on construction sites.

·         Defining "maintenance work" to include road repairs, which reduces the number of projects subject to Prevailing Wage Act requirements.

·         Exempting projects where more than half the funding comes from private sources from the Prevailing Wage Act.

·         Allow school districts or all local governments to opt out of the Prevailing Wage Act for construction projects.


·         While raising the threshold is long overdue, simply adjusting for inflation will not maximize all possible savings for the commonwealth.

·         Allowing school districts and local governments to opt out of wage mandates would have a large and important impact on how taxpayer funds are used.

·         Redefining prevailing wage to represent the local market wage would maximize savings for taxpayers, and free up funding for additional projects.

Pearre O. Dean

Deputy Director of Public Affairs, Legislative Liaison

Commonwealth Foundation


 Clyde Villa

Clyde Villa
National Insurance Services, Inc.
90 West Chestnut Street, Suite 515
Washington, PA 15301
Call 800-357-5959

 John Groh

John Groh
Boro of Edinboro
Call 814-449-7264

John Groh, CBO is the Building and Zoning Administrator with the Borough of Edinboro ( Erie Coun...
 Annual Conference

Annual Conference
Am Planning Association-PA
587 James Drive
Harrisburg, PA 17112
Call 717-671-4510

The Pennsylvania Chapter of APA is a chapter of the American Planning Association (APA).
 Patrick Zeni

Patrick Zeni
Musco Sports Lighting
150 W Palm St
Washington, PA 15301
Call 866 459 0198

 Tracy Wierzbicki

Tracy Wierzbicki
Republic ITS
2725 114th Street
Grand Prairie, TX 75050
Call 817-633-5300

 Smart Growth

Smart Growth
Coalition for Smart Growth
1383 Acadia Rd., Room 001
Lancaster, PA 17601
Call 717-509-4711

Mission Define and promote the principles of Smart Growth in Lancaster County and, as may be r...
Commercial Tammy Serensits

Commercial Tammy Serensits
Minitab, Inc.
1829 Pine Hill Rd.
State College, PA 16801
Call 814-753-3519

Minitab Inc. is a privately owned company headquartered in State College, Pennsylvania, with subs...
 Stephanie Fonagy

Stephanie Fonagy
Central Tax Bureau of PA, Inc.
20 Emerson Lane, Suite 905
Bridgeville, PA 15017
Call 412-221-1701

 Alan Gallagher

Alan Gallagher
Christian-Baker Company
26 N 9th Street
Lemoyne, PA 17043
Call 717-761-4712

Christian - Baker Company is an independent insurance agency that has been serving the insurance ...
 Jodie Vo

Jodie Vo
414N Second Street
Harrisburg, PA 17101
Call 800 848 2040 Ex 250

 Cumulus IQ

Cumulus IQ
116 Research Drive, Suite 122
Bethelehm, PA 18105
Call 610-849-5055

cumulusIQ is the 24/7 on-demand scalable alternative to traditional resource-constrained knowledg...
 Linda Costa

Linda Costa
Municipal Retirement Trust (MRT)
2941 N Front St
Harrisburg, PA 17110
Call 717 236 9526


900 Cummings Center, Suite 307V
Beverly, MA 01915
Call 978-232-6300

Envista Corporation is a provider of innovative web-based services for the management oversight o...
President Gordon Anderson

President Gordon Anderson
Paragon House Publishers
1925 Oakcrest Avenue, Suite 7
Minneapolis, MN 55113
Call (800) 447-3709

Gordon L. Anderson earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy of Religion at the Claremont Graduate Universit...
 Raymond Lees

Raymond Lees
Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.
640 Freedom Business Center
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Call 610-768-5813

For more than a century, Malcolm Pirnie has worked side-by-side with clients to help find the rig...
President Ryan Chasey

President Ryan Chasey
High Performance Govt. Network
7602 Patriot Crossing
Ft. Wayne, IN 46816
Call 260-439-8372

The High Performance Government Network is a member driven not-for-profit corporation serving the...
Attorney Linda Evers

Attorney Linda Evers
Stevens & Lee
111 North 6th Street
Reading, PA 19603-0697
Call 610-334-0171

Attorney James Clymer

Attorney James Clymer
Clymer & Musser, PC
408 West Chestnut Street
Lancaster, PA 17603
Call 717-299-7101

 Municipal Insurance

Municipal Insurance
One Tower St
Hartford, CT 06183

At Travelers, we understand the unique challenges municipalities and counties face everyday.
Principal Steve Kaczmarek

Principal Steve Kaczmarek
80 Lamberdon Rd.
Windsor, CT

GASBhelp your solution to GASB 45 compliance With the streamlined approach, known as the GASB 45...

Sponsors and Events